Spotting means light bleeding during early pregnancy. Spotting is common and usually not a cause for concern, however, it might be a sign of pregnancy complications in some cases.

While those with healthy pregnancies may experience spotting, it’s important to never ignore bleeding during pregnancy. Bleeding can be a critical symptom of several pregnancy-related conditions or an underlying disease.

Why it’s needed to consult a doctor if bleeding persists or becomes heavy;

  1. Sub chorionic hematoma: This is the most common cause of bleeding in the first trimester. It occurs when blood builds up near the chorion- the fetal membrane next to the placenta. The bleeding may appear between the uterus and the placenta. Those who experience this are at high risk of miscarriage.
  2. Ectopic pregnancy: This means a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus often in the fallopian tube. Although, women who experience this may likely test positive and still have pregnancy symptoms, however, the pregnancy cannot survive, it can rupture- internal bleeding may get progressively heavier over time. It can also cause life-threatening bleeding. Ectopic pregnancy can cause spotting as the pregnancy grows.
  3. Cervical Irritation: Light spotting after any form of vaginal penetration is a sign of cervical bleeding. The increase in the blood supply of the cervix during pregnancy may contribute to irritation after sex or pelvic examination. This bleeding however is typically not a cause for alarm, But serious bleeding such as assault, trauma might cause severe cervical bleeding which can lead to infection or other serious pregnancy complications, this is why it’s important to talk to your doctor if you notice any abnormal bleeding during your pregnancy stages.
  4. Miscarriage: Vaginal bleeding is the most common sign of pregnancy loss. However, light bleeding during early pregnancy does not indicate complications, Talk to your doctor about risk factors and how to minimize them.
  5. Hormonal Shifts: Hormonal changes sometimes trigger a temporary drop in hormones, Which can cause spotting or even bleed as heavy as a period, But as long as the placenta continues to produce enough progesterone, the pregnancy can safely continue and a miscarriage can be avoided.
  6. Implantation bleeding: This is often lighter and shorter than a period. It is usually brown, some may mistake it for their menses because it usually occurs around the time a person expects their period.

As the pregnancy progresses, it’s important to pay attention to every little detail, when you notice anything unusual, see your health care provider immediately. Wishing you safe delivery MAMAs.


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